Carl teaches Mandarin Chinese language and culture at Kapi‘olani Community College, within the University of Hawai‘i system, in Honolulu. He teaches all levels of Chinese, from beginner to high advanced.
He holds a PhD in Linguistics from the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, where his research focused on conceptualizations of happiness among speakers of English and Chinese. His dissertation research involved analysis of two large corpora of text, the British National Corpus containing approximately 96 million words, and the Academia Sinica Balanced Corpus of Mandarin containing approximately 11 million words. In follow-up research he extends this analysis to the English TenTen corpus, containing approximately 2.759 billion words.
Carl’s work involving GNH has included presentation of his research at the International Conference on Gross National Happiness hosted by the Centre for Bhutan Studies in Thimphu, Bhutan. He also attended the High-Level Meeting on Wellbeing and Happiness convened by the Royal Government of Bhutan at the United Nations Headquarters in New York.